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William Cheshire

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Birth  1668 
Sex  Male 
Person ID  I36022  Default Tree 
Last Modified  01 Jan 2004 
Father  Richard Cheshire, b. 1632 
Group Sheet  F29548  Default Tree 
Family 1  Mary Tennison 
 1. Turpin Cheshire, b. 1698, , Cheshire, England
 2. Justin Cheshire
 3. Travis Cheshire
 4. John Cheshire
Group Sheet  F15938  Default Tree 
Notes  From Charles
includes my research as well- to Mar. 2002
Richard Cheshire(b)1632,Cheshire England,(m) Unk.,Cheshire England,William Cheshire(b)1668,Cheshire England(m)Mary Tennison(b)abt 1672, Cheshire England,Turpin Cheshire(b)1698,Cheshire England(m)Elizabeth Unk.(b)1700 Cheshire England,Richard Cheshire(b)Aug 1730 Baltimore Md.(m)

Cheshire Family History
The Cheshire family is an old Anglo-Saxon family. Its origins are before the year 1100, and it first appears in the ancient records of Essex. The earliest record I have found for a Cheshire in the New World is that of John Cheshire in 12 and 28 June 1630. He was of St. Dunstan in West London, and a gentleman of the age of 22. He went to Barbados with some other passengers on the ship William. The first Cheshire I have found to immigrate to the Colonies was Robert Chessheire in Virginia on 4 June 1635. No age was given, but he was a headwright for William Stone near Jamestown. He was listed on a ship's passenger list and was an Irishman. A John Chesheire was also a headwright for Maj. James Godwin in Westmoreland County, Va. on the South side of the Patomack River on 15 Mar. 1657. The earliest date I have for a Cheshire in Maryland is 6 May 1663 in Charles County. A John Chesshiers is named in a case coming before the Circuit Court of that county. He was probably there as early as 9 Feb1662. There were Cheshire's making early migrations to Maryland (1600's), North Carolina (early 1700's), South Carolina (1700's), Virginia (1600's), and New Jersey (1690's).
The Cheshire family of Cheshire, England goes back to at least the early 1600’s. Daddy said that family oral history had our ancestors coming from there. Elijah DeKalb Cheshire writing from Atlanta in July 1896 states, " My father and all his family connections, in this country and the Old Country, came from the same family of Cheshires, who were so prominent in Cheshire County, England." The family records were destroyed in a fire and he determined to recover as much as he could by gathering information from his stepmother in Atlanta. He determined that his family came to Maryland around 1738 and settled in Saint Mary’s County. His father, Hezekiah, was born there in 1787 and moved to Cumberland County, Virginia when he was five. Hezekiah moved to Laurens County, South Carolina around 1812 and to Atlanta around 1835. Daddy told me that we were distantly related to the Atlanta Cheshires but did not know of any of the particulars.
Some of the repeating male names through the generations of Cheshire County, England are George, Thomas, Richard, Joseph, and John. The more common female names are Anne, Elizabeth, Margaret, Catherine, and Alice. The earliest father of record in the county is George Cheshire in 1606. There is also another Mr. and Mrs. Cheshire having children in the county at the same time.
The following is information gathered on the Cheshires of early Maryland, Virginia, and North Carolina. Somewhere in the midst of it our lineage begins. Richard Cheshire, the progenitor of our line, was born in Baltimore County, Maryland in 1730 to Elizabeth Cheshire. There are only two Richard Cheshires in the early records of Maryland prior to 1700. One is in Talbot County and the other in Anne Arundel County. If Richard is the namesake for one of them, then hopefully a connection will be made.
No. 1 - Saint Mary's County, Western Shore, Maryland
William Cheshire, a rebel, was transported with his wife in 1664 to Saint Mary's County, Maryland. England had just finished its civil war, and it was common practice at that time to transport the enemies of those in power to the colonies. James I did this when he began the Ulster experiment in Ireland, which gave rise to the Scotch - Irish, as well as Northern Ireland. William has been included with the families of Jacobites who wanted the Stuarts restored to the throne. Charles I had been beheaded and the Cromwellian forces had taken control of the government. Thus the cavaliers and round heads were the two opposing sides in this war. William was banished to a Catholic colony.
William and his family settled in Saint Mary's County. His home burned to the ground in 1683. William died there and his will was probated in Annapolis June 20, 1700, Saint Mary's County, Maryland. Stephen Cheshire was the administrator of his estate. Stephen himself had died by August 9, 1708. His relationsip to William is not known but he could have been a brother or the eldest son. William had two known sons who were William (William1) and John (William1).
The Tennison and Cheshire families had close ties. William (William1) married Mary Tennison, the daughter of John Tennison, before her father’s estate was probated on December 12, 1682. They had a son, William (William2, William1). William (William1) died in Saint Mary's County around March 12, 1732-3. William and Mary's children were William bc. 1684, John bc. 1686 d. 1746, m. Priscilla, James bc 1680, Jastinian bc. 1690, Eliza bc 1685 – 1701, and Annie bc. 1694.
William (William2, William1) died in St. Mary's County around July 30, 1752. His next of kin were listed as Jameson Cheshire, Priscilla Cheshire, and Mary Cheshire, administratrix and executrix of his estate.
John Cheshire (William2, William1) died in Saint Mary's County around January 19, 1746. His wife was Priscilla Cheshire. His children were Jonathan, John, Tenesan, Philemon, and Mary Noble. His next of kin was Philomon Chesher, Edward Pratt, and Precilla Chesher.
Note that Philomon, James, William, and John Cheshire were in Saint Mary's County in 1769. Tenison Cheshire, age 42, is listed as the leasee of the Manor of Chaptico in St. Mary's County in January 1768. His wife's name was Barbara Cheshire, age 40, and Burch Cheshire, age 17, was listed with them. The Cheshires of Atlanta and the Okefeenokee Swamp may have descended from William, the rebel. The Tenneson name is passed from generation to generation among the Okefeenokee Cheshires and Tennesan Cheshire may be the ancestor of the Atlanta branch.
No. 2 - Talbot County, Queen Anne's County, Dorchester County, Eastern Shore Maryland
Richard Cheshire, a mariner, bought 600 acres in Talbot County in July 18, 1684 and named it "Cheshire's Delight". The crown required that all property be given names. This Richard is witness to an estate in 1685. Queen Anne's County was formed in 1706 and was erected from Dorchester, Kent, and Talbot counties. A Richard Cheshire is of record in Dorchester County in April 29, 1703. This Richard may not be the same one that is in Anne Arundel County at this time. There was a tract of land called "Cheshire" that appears several times in the deeds and wills of Queen Anne's County.
There is also a John Cheshire who appears in Queen Anne's County in Maryland around March 5, 1739 being the administrator / executor for the estate of David Berry. He had a daughter named Mary. The Testators for the will were Christopher Birch, James Everett, and Matthew Dockery. In June 1, 1748 and Dec. 22, 1748 John Cheshire is also administrator/executor for the estate of Margaret Berry whose next of kin were listed William Matthews and Thomas Matthews. Note the name of Birch which could tie back to St. Mary’s County.
This John Cheshire died around November 5, 1755 in Queen Anne's County. His daughters were Mary Smith, Rachell Cheshire, and Rebecca Cheshire. He had a son named Thomas Bailey Cheshire. He had four other children who were John Cheshire, Sarah Cheshire, William Cheshire, and Elizabeth Cheshire. Thomas and Mary Deckery were to care for daughter Elizabeth till she comes to age 16. William was to act on his own and to receive his estate when he was 18. His wife, Sarah Cheshire, and his son, John Cheshire, were his executors. His next of kin were listed as James Smith, and Sarah Cheshire. His administrators / executors were Sarah Cheshire and John Cheshire. His wife, Sarah, was the daughter of Thomas Bailey (Bayley). Mr. Bailey's will is dated March 11, 1755, and he left part of "Bayley's Delight" to Sarah and his other daughter, Anne Vanderford.
A William Cheshire died around May 1774 in Dorchester County. He listed his next of kin as John Cheshire and Ann Cheshire. His administrator was Mary Cheshire. John Cheshire and Mary Cheshire are counted as head of families in the1776 census of Transquakin Hundred of Dorchester County. John and Benet Cheshire were Revolutionary soldiers from Dorchester County.
No. 3 - Anne Arundel County, Western Shore, Maryland
Baltimore County was formed in 1660 and was erected from Anne Arundel County. A Richard Cheshire appears in Anne Arundel County in 1693. His wife's name was Mary. She was the executrix of Samuell Raniger estate dated October 3, 1696 in Anne Arundel County. Richard Chessheire was the administrator of Charles Roberts’s estate dated August 10, 1697. He was also a Testator for the estate of Mareen Duvall 2 August, 1694. Richard is associated with John Cheshire in several wills as witnesses. John Cheshire married Hannah Gott on July 18, 1706. Hannah was the daughter of Richard Gott and Hannah Pratt. Richard appears of record in Anne Arundel County on 26 Nov. 1716 in a deed transfer between the Gotts and Hollands. The land being conveyed "is bounded by the land now in the tenure and occupation of Richard Cheshire, Gotts Creek". John Cheshire is linked by marriage to the Gott (e), Holland, Parsons, Willoughby, Pratt, Gibbs, and Capell families of early Maryland in Anne Arundel County. The Price, Tucker, Ford, and Sparrow families were also related to John Chesheir by marriage. Richard Gott married Sarah Sparrow. John Cheshire, Mordecay Price, and Richard Gott were joint leasees on the Maryland Rent Rolls of Ann Arundel County in early 1707. John Cheshire is still in Anne Arundel County on March 31, 1726.
Some of the above mentioned families later located on or near the Gunpowder River where the Hendons lived. It appears that some of the sons of Mordeca Price and Richard Gott later settled in Baltimore County by 1737. Richard Gott, the brother-in-law of John Cheshire, had decided to try his fortune in Baltimore County by August 2, 1726. He settled and later died there. Richard, Robert, and Samuel Gott are listed as being in Baltimore County in 1737. Mordeca, Thomas, and Benjamin Price were also listed there. Robert Gott and Thomas Price were on the North side of the Gunpowder River.
The next time a Cheshire is noted in this county is the administration of a John Cheshire's estate in 1747.
John Cheshire Anne Arundel Co. 31 Dec.1747 11 Mar. 1747
To wife: one half estate, the other half to my two cousins in Great Britain: William Cheshire and Richard Pook (Poole), to be sold here, and the produce to be sent home and equally divided between them and my wife and friend Mr. Stephen West, Sr., Administrator of my estate.
His wife’s name was Mary, and she had married a Gott by the time his estate was administered. Unless he remarried, this would not be the same John Cheshire who married Hannah Gott. John Cheshire did not mention any children as his heirs.
This Stephen West, Sr. was the son of Sir John of "Houghton". He married Martha Hall in 1720. Her family traces back to the English peer, Lord De La Ware. His son, Stephen West, Jr., married Hannah Williams who was the daughter of Captain Williams, of Wales, and his wife was Christiana Black of Scotland. John Lawrence married Martha West, the daughter of Sir Stephen. Stephen West, Jr. and his wife inherited the estate called "The Woodyard"; one of the most beautiful colonial homes in Maryland at the time. It was destroyed by fire (Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties).
The Mareen Duval mentioned earlier was the grandfather of Martha Hall. His daughter, Johanna, married Richard Poole in 12 August. 1703. It appears that the Cheshire’s in Anne Arundel County were involved with this family for about fifty years.
Maureen Duval b. 1630/35 Nantes, Bretagne, France, m. 1673 Susannah Brashear, d. 5 Aug. 1694, Mid-Plantation, Anne Arundel, Md.
Susannah b. 1676 d. 1716 Prince George Co., Md.
Lewis b. 1679
Maureen, Jr. b. 1680, d. 9 June 1741, Pleasant Grove, Queen Anne Co., Md., m. Sarah Griffith
1. Samuel b. 22 Jan. 1714 m. Eleanor Pearce
Catharine b. 1682 d. 1703
Elizabeth b. 1683 d. aft. 1713
Mary b. 1683 m. Henry Hall 5 Feb. 1701
1. Martha b. 27 Oct. 1708, St. James, Anne Arundel, m. Stephen West, Sr. 1720, d. 8 Apr. 1752.
Johanna b. 1685, Prince George m. Richard Poole 12 Aug. 1703
Elizabeth b. 1688 South River, Anne Arundel
John b. 1689 Prince George
Benjamin b. 1692 d. 1774
No. 4 - Charles County, Western Shore, Maryland
There is a John Cheshire mentioned in Charles County in the Circuit Court Records on 6 May 1663. Prince George County was formed out of Charles County in 1695. A John Cheshire is mentioned there in 9 Oct 1710. Prince George County is in close proximity to St. Mary's, Anne Arundel, and Baltimore County. On 15June1729 in Charles County Mathew Cheshire was a Testator for the estate of Hugh Gardiner. The will was declared at the house of William Cheshire. William Bryan’s estate was probated on 30Nov1760 and 17Dec1766 in Charles Co. and he mentioned his daughter Philester Chesher.
Charles County is where the Tennison family first established itself in Maryland. The Burch family is also noted in the early county records. William Turpin landed in this county in the 1600’s as well as a member of the Travis family. William Turpin later settled in Somerset County on the Eastern Shore. These families are of particular interest because Cheshire men were named Tennison, Burch, Turpin, and Travis.
No. 5 - Baltimore County, Western Shore, Maryland
A John Chisher is part of a list of Taxables of Spesutia Upper Hundred of Baltimore County, Maryland in 1737. Spesutia Island is located on the Western shore of Maryland between the Gunpowder and Bush Rivers. Elizabeth Cheshir is of recorded marrying John Sherelock on 30 Nov. 1737 in Joppa City, which was the county seat of Baltimore County at that time.
John Chisher lived with the Webster family and was counted with Issac Webster in 1737. Issac's father, John Webster, was the individual listed immediately above them. John Webster's obituary stated that he was born on Kent Island. This island is located in the Chesapeake Bay between Anne Arundel on the Western shore and Talbot and Queen Anne's County on the Eastern Shore. Issac Webster made a land transaction with Simon Pearson. Simon Pearson gave land to Josias Hendon. Simon Pearson’s daughter married John Everett. It is worth mentioning here again that James Everett was a testator for the will of the estate of David Berry in Queen Anne's County in1739. I do not know if John and James Everett were related.
In the petition of 1768 to move the county seat from Joppa to Baltimore Town, just about everybody living in the county signed it. No Cheshires are listed. They had moved on or died out. As new lands opened up, people were drawn there. The Cheshires of Frederick County were probably such a people. There is a John Cheshire living there in 1758 in Prince George's Parish. There is also a (Butch, Buria, Burch) Cheshire in this county at the same time. On 22 August 1776 in Frederick County a John Cheshire, age 23, is listed. This is probably the second generation of John Cheshires in this county.
The John Cheshire (Chisher) of Spesutia Island and Elizabeth Cheshire are the only Cheshires that I have found for the first one hundred years of Baltimore County's history. This John Cheshire would have been in the County at the time Elizabeth married John Sherelock.
No. 6 - Virginia
As was previously stated the first Cheshires to immigrate to the Colonies were in Virginia. There are two Richard Cheshire’s in early Virginia who left wills. One was in 1724 in Norfork County and the other in 1725 in Princess Anne County. During the 1700’s Cheshires are sprinkled all over this colony. An Elizabeth Cheshire was born 1721 in Princess Anne County, Virginia. She was the daughter of Richard and Susanna Sanford Cheshire. Patrick Cordon lists his best friend as Mr. Richard Cheshire 14 May 1716. Robert Tucker’s will was proved and witnessed by Richard Cheshire 9 Nov. 1722.
The William Robinson family was from Virginia but was already in Baltimore County when Elizabeth Cheshire was a little girl or before she was born.
One should also be aware that there were two companies in England shipping goods to the colonies in the early 1700's whose names were William Cheshire and Company, and Richard Cheshire and Company. Richard Cheshire and Company operated out of Bristol from 1701 to 1717. William Cheshire and Company operated out of Liverpool around 1721-22. Liverpool was in Cheshire, England. John Cheshire's will establishes that members of colonial families still knew and maintained their relationships with their continental relatives down through time and space
Richard Cheshire, a merchant, sailed back and forth from Bristol to Virginia and then later to Carolina. In the 1690’s a Richard Cheshire was apprenticed at age 24 to Nathaniel Smith, merchant, for four years in Virginia.
No. 7- North Carolina
The Georgia branch of the family has an oral history that four brothers named Turpin, Travis, Justin, and John came together from Cheshire, England to Wilmington, North Carolina before 1716. This is the information that the Church of the Later Day Saints has on record in their files. It was compiled but not proven. Most of what was provided to them was by the descendents of the William James Cheshire family who resided in Northern Louisiana. William’s father was Turpin M. Cheshire. There may be family records to support this but I have not been privy to them if they exist.
If this is correct Turpin Cheshire, the great grandfather of Turpin M. Cheshire, married Elizabeth in Cheshire County, England in 1725. Turpin was born in 1698 in Cheshire County and Elizabeth was born in 1700 in Cheshire County. They moved to Baltimore County, Maryland after their marriage, and Turpin died prior to 1734. The L.D.S. also have Richard being married in Bladen County in 1748 to a FitzRandolph. These records also show William A. Cheshire born in 1751, Randolph in 1753, and Nicholas in 1757.
In 1716 there were only two areas of significant settlement in the Carolinas. One was Charleston and the other was the Abemarle Sound area. Wilmington was not founded until the 1730’s. Pirates controlled the Cape Fear River until the 1720’s when the Crown finally cleared them out of the area. Many of the settlers in the Cape Fear area were killed in the Tuscaroran War of 1713. Those who survived fled to the Abermarle region. Troops from South Carolina were dispatched to deal with the uprising. Some of these troops later came back and settled in the Cape Fear region. The Singletarys were counted among them.
There were Cheshires in North Carolina in the early 1700s. A John, Jonathan, Joseph, and Elizabeth Cheshire resided in Chowan and Bertie Counties. The records for these individuals range from 1717 to 1737. If they had been in the Cape Fear area prior to 1713, they would have sought protection in this area during the Tuscaroan War. I do not find any Cheshires after 1737 until Richard Cheshire buys land in1760 in Bladen County. His grandson, Turpin M. Cheshire was born there and he had a son named Joseph Travis.
Robert Chessheire, n.a. Va., 1635, 2772, p.65
Richard Chesshere, 24, Va., 1683, 9590, p. 244
Thomas Cheshire, n.a., America, 1700, 1222, p. 52
John Cheshire, n.a., Maryland, 1731, 1222, p. 52
John Cheshire, n.a., America, 1755, 1222, p. 52
William Cheshire
Skordas, Gust, editor. "a list of rebells transported..." early settlers of Maryland: index of names of immigrants...Baltimore: Genealogical publishing co., 1968.
William arrived Maryland in 1664 with wife. Pg. 88.
Richard Cheshire
Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Settlers of Maryland"
Cheshire, Richard, mariner " Cheshire's Delight" 600ac.
John Cheshire
Maryland rent rolls 1700-1707, 1705-1724, Baltimore and Anne Arundel Counties, p. 114
John Cheshire 200 acres 1707
The Maryland Calendar of Wills
Volume 1
Tennison, John St. Mary's County 12Dec1682
"Son-in-law William Cheshire and Mary, his wife, son Matthew"
Volume 2
Jenkinson, Emanuel Talbot County 20June1685
"Test. Richard Chesheir"
Duvall, Mareen Ann Arundel County 2Aug1694
"Test. Rich'd Chesser"
Volume 3
Holland, Anthony Ann Arundel County 12Feb1702
"Test. Rich'd Chesheir, Jno. Chesheir"
Volume 4
Gott, Richard Ann Arundel County 28Dec1713
"Ex.: son-in-law John Chesheir"
(John Chesheir married Hannah Gott 18July1706 Ann Arundel County)
Volume 6
Gardiner, Hugh Charles County 15June1729
"Test. Mathew Cheshire; declared will at house of Wm. Cheshire"
Volume 7
Chesher, William St. Mary's County 12March1732-3
"Son: William, bro. John (ex.), Cousin Abasolm Tennison, Sr.
Test. of wills 4Feb1733-4
William Chesher
Volume 8
Queen Anne's County 4Jan1739, 14Feb1739
"Mary Cheshire, dau. of John Cheshire, friend"
St. Mary's County 10Oct1740, 5Nov1740
"plantation and tobacco house built by William Cheshire
1744 - 1774 Maryland
John Cheshire Saint Mary's County 19Jan1746
Priscilla Cheshire, wife
Children: Jonathan, John, Tenesan, Philemon, and Mary Noble
John Cheshire Ann Arundel Co. 31Dec.1747
11Mar. 1747
To wife: one half estate
The other half to my two cousins in Great Britain: William Cheshire and Richard Pook, to be sold here, and the produce to be sent home and equally divided between them and my wife and friend Mr. Stephen West, Sr., Administrator of my estate.
John Cheshire Queen Anne Co. Planter 1Mar1747
John Cheshire Queen Anne Co. Planter 5Nov1755
Daughter: Mary Smith
Daughter: Rachel Cheshire
Daughter: Rebecca Cheshire
Son: Thomas Bailey Cheshire
Four Children: John Cheshire, Sarah Cheshire, William Cheshire, and Elizabeth Cheshire
Thomas and Mary Deckery to care for dau. Elizabeth till she comes to age of 16. William to act on his own and to receive his estate when he is 18.
Wife: Sarah Cheshire, executor
Son: John Cheshire, executor
Wm. Bryan Charles Co. 30Nov1760
Dau. Philester Chesher
John Cheshire witness Queen Anne Co. 3Oct1760
Maryland, Index to wills of St. Mary’s County 1662-1960.
Chesher, William March 1732, (the libers of Thomas Aisquith containing wills).
Cheshire, John January 1746.
Newman, Harry Wright, "to Maryland from overseas", p.41
John Cheshire of Anne Arundel County, December 31, 1747, bequeathed one-half of his Maryland estate to his cousins, William Cheshire and Richard Pook of Great Britain.
Ref. wills, liber 25, folio 557
Kaminkow, Marion and Jack Kaminkow, eds. "Early East Texas Citizens." original lists of emigrants in bondage from.. Baltimore: Magna Carta Book Co., 1967.
John arrived in Maryland in 1730. Pg. 30.
Cheshire, Thomas
"Bonded Passengers to America", Vol. 1 & 2
Thomas Cheshire pleaded transportation January 1700.
Unless otherwise noted, the following are accounts where various Cheshire's were either witnesses or appraisers.
"Abstracts of the Inventories and Accounts of the Prerogative Court of Maryland"
AA Anne Arundel County
SM Saint Mary's County
QA Queen Anne's County
DO Dorchester County
FR Frederick County
PG Prince George's County
Name County Date
John Cheshire SM Feb. 25, 1681
William Chesheire SM Sept. 15, 1683
Richard Cheshire 1684
William Cheshier June 20, 1687
Richard Cheshier AA April 4, 1693
Richard Cheisere AA April 4, 1693
Richard Chesher AA May 14, 1694
Richard Cheshire AA Sept. 3, 1694
William Cheshire Sept. 14, 1694
Richard Cheshire AA May 20, 1695
William Chessher SM
Richard Cheisher AA Aug. 6, 1695
Richard Cheisere AA Oct. 8, 1695
Richard Cheshire AA Oct. 3, 1696
Mary Cheshire AA Oct. 3, 1696
(wife of Richard Cheshire - executrix of Samuell Raniger estate)
Richard Chessheire Aug. 10, 1697
(administrator of Charles Roberts’s estate)
Richard Cheshire Aug. 29, 1698
William Chesher Feb. 4,1701
William Cheshier SM Mar. 23, 1702
(Administrator: Stephen Cheshire)
Richard Cheshier DO April 29, 1703
Richard Chesher AA May 14, 1705
Stephen Cheshire SM March 20, 1706
Steven Chesher SM April 20, 1707
Stephen Chesshire SM Aug. 9, 1708
(Administratrix: Elisabeth Barremand, wife of Thomas Barremand, also Thomas Barron)
John Cheshire SM Aug. 9, 1708
John Cheshire June 1, 1710
John Cheshire PG Oct. 9, 1710
Stephen Cheshire SM Oct. 21, 1710
(Administratrix: Elisabeth Barron (widow) now wife of Thomas Barron)
John Cheisher AA April 15, 1716
(Richard Gott estate - executors: Thomas Woodfield and his wife Elisabeth Woodfield)
John Cheshire AA Oct. 1716
John Cheshire AA
(Benjamin Capell and Mary Price)
John Cheshire AA
(Estate of Issable Chapel - next of kin Thomas Holland)
John Cheshire Aug. 28, 1718
(Richard Gott and Anthony Gott)
John Cheshire AA March 31, 1726
John Cheshire QA Feb. 16, 1739
(Administrator/executor for David Berry est. Dec. 6, 1740)
John Cheser SM March 5, 1739
John Chesher SM May 1, 1744
John Chesher SM June 5, 1744
John Chesher SM March 6, 1746
(Next of kin: Philomon Chesher, Edward Pratt, administrator/executor: Precilla Chesher) May 19, 1747
John Cheshire SM May 6, 1746
May 19, 1747
(Next of kin Philomon Cheshire and Edward Pratt)
(Administratrix/executrix: Precilla Chesher)
John Cheshire QA June 1, 1748
Dec. 22, 1748
Administrator/executor for est. of Margaret Berry, next of kin: Wm. Matthews, Thomas Matthews
John Cheshire (John Chesher) AA April 11, 1750
(Executors: Stephen West, Mary Gott (late Mary Chesher))
William Cheshire SM July 30, 1752
Aug. 7, 1752
(Next of kin: Jameson Cheshire, Priscilla Cheshire, administratrix/executrix: Mary Chesher)
John Cheshire QA Jan. 14, 1756
June 25, 1756
(Next of kin: James Smith, Sarah Cheshire, administrators/executors: Sarah Cheshire, John Cheshire)
John Cheshire FR Mar 20, 1756
June 15, 1756
Tenison Cheshire SM April 30, 1764
John Cheshire FR Dec 10, 1767
Feb. 26, 1768
John Cheshire FR Mar 29, 1769
July 23, 1769
Philomon Cheshire SM Dec. 9, 1769
James Cheshire SM Dec. 9, 1769
William Cheshire SM Dec. 9, 1769
John Cheshire SM Dec. 9, 1769
William Cheshire DO May 5, 1774
May 8, 1775
Next of kin: John Cheshire, Ann Cheshire
Administrator: Mary Cheshire
Chowan Co., NC Records
Albemarle Co., N.C. - 19 Mar. 1716
Wit: John Chesier
Jonathan Cheshire Chowan Co., North Carolina, 1717
Chowan County, N.C.- D.B. 1, p. 29
July CT. 1717
Richard Washington Vs John Cheshire
Chowan Precinct, N.C. - 8 Nov. 1718
Wit: John Chashire
Chowan County, N.C.- D.B. 1, p. 38, 39, 40
15 July 1718
Petition - John Cheshire
Bertie Co.- land boundary named
20 June 1728, and 5 April 1723
John Chessire
Bertie Co.- land boundary named
7 Nov. 1723
John Chesher
Bertie Co.- land boundary named
3 Aug. 1727
John Chesshire
2 Aug. 1727
John Cheshire
Bertie Co.- land deed
1728, DB B, page 392 and 448
John Cheshire
Bertie Co.- land deed
1739, Book E, page 507.
Elizabeth Cheshire
Richard Cheshire (1st generation)
(1730 – aft. 1781)
Mother: Elizabeth Cheshire
Richard was born August 1730 in Baltimore County, Maryland to Elizabeth Cheshire. Her origins are unknown. I have not found any ship lists or indenturedship records that would make her a new arrival in Maryland. Elizabeth may have been a member of one of the families mentioned earlier. Richard’s mother placed him into indentured service and apprenticed him to Josias Hendon on April 6, 1734 in Baltimore County. His term of indenturedship was until his twenty-first birthday or a period of 17 years. The conditions of the indenture provided for Richard in the event of Josias’ death. It was agreed upon that William, Josias’ eldest son, would take care of Richard if his father should die before the indenturedship was completed. When Josias died in 1738, William became responsible for Richard when he was fifteen years old. He was a minor so Hannah probably provided most of the care for the young boy.
The Hendon's lived on the North side of the Gunpowder River in Baltimore County, Maryland. It appears as if the Hendons raised Richard as one of their own, and he considered them his family. The indenturing of Richard Cheshire to the Hendon family worked for his good. The terms of indentureship made this family responsible for training Richard to be a planter and also teach him the Lord’s Prayer and the Ten Commandments. They were to provide him food, clothing, and shelter while Richard was expected to be obedient and not cause his master any shame by his conduct.
For { Baltimore County THIS INDENTURE made this 6th
Josias Hendon } day of April Anno Domini Seventeen Hundred and Thirty-four
BETWEEN Elisabeth Cheshire of County and Province aforesaid, Spinster of one part and Josias Hendon of the same county and province, Planter of the other part, witnesseth that said Elizabeth Cheshire being poor and unable to support herself and her child, hath bound, bound and put by these present, doth bind and put her son Richard Cheshire, who was three years old last August, to the aforesaid Josias Hendon as an Apprentice Servant until he shall arrived to ye age of Twenty and one Years fully to be compleat and ended during which time and term the said Richard his said Master will and faithfully shall serve his lawful command every where willingly, shall obey and do. He shall do no hurt or damage to his said master or consent to any to be done by others but to his power shall hinder of same or give notice thereof to his said master. He shall not waste of goods of his said master nor lend them to any person without his consent. He shall not frequent ordinarys, taverns or tippling houses except it being and doing his master’s business there. He shall not during the said times play at cards or any unlawful game. He shall not either by day or night absent himself from his said master’s service but in all things a good and faithful servant, shall demean himself to his said master and quietly, honestly and peaceably behave himself towards all other persons. In consideration whereof ye said Josias Hendon doth covenant and agree to and with ye said Elisabeth that he ye Josias during the terms of will find for allow unto ye said Richard Meat, Drink, Washing, Lodging and Apparels fit and convenient for an apprentice or servant and that he ye said Josias will instruct ye said Richard in and learn him ye Occupation or business of a planter and teach or cause to be taught ye said Richard of Creed of Ye Lords Prayer and Ten Commandments and at ye expiration of ye said Richard’s time aforesaid will give to ye said Richard one heavy coat and britches, one cotton weatcoat, two shirts, a pair of shoes and stockins and one hat and ye said Elizabeth doth further covenant for and with ye said Josias and his executors and administrators that fit shall so happen that ye said Josias shall die before the said Richard shall arrive to ye age of twenty one years that then ye said Richard shall faithfully serve ye remaining part of ye time which shall be unexpired at ye death of ye said Josia (to wit) fills ye said Richard shall arrive to twenty one years with ye said Josias’s son William and in case he shall die before ye said Richard shall be of age aforesaid that then ye said Richard shall serve remaining part of ye said time to ye said Josias’s son Isham bequeth said William or Isham complying with such agreements as mentioned above to be done and performed on ye part of ye said Josias. IN WITNESS whereof ye partys for above mentioned have hereunto set their hand and seals.
Ye day and year above written Elizabeth X Cheshire {Seal }
Sealed and delivered in mark
Presence of Josias Hendon {Seal }
Samuel Young, Junior
Anne X Brogden
Recd. March, 1735 Recorded 26 April 1736.
Richard was 18 years old when Hannah Hendon died in 1748. After Hannah’s death her sons left Baltimore County and went to North Carolina. Isham Hendon was the first of the brothers to leave Maryland in 1753. William Hendon was in Bladen County, North Carolina by 1757. Some believe Richard Cheshire came to Bladen County with William Hendon while others that he came earlier with possibly Isham Hendon or James Isham. Regardless of when he left Maryland Richard settled in Bladen County by 1760.
James Isham came to Bladen County in the 1740s. He was the father-in-law of Josias Hendon, and the stepfather of Hannah Robinson Hendon. He is the first member of the Hendon clan to move to North Carolina. James Isham died in Bladen County in 1754. He began selling all his holdings in Baltimore County in the early 1740’s and moved to Bladen County sometime after that. Neither the Hendons nor Ishams make mention of Richard in their wills. One does not know how close they were but Richard did name his oldest son after William Hendon. In Hamilton County, Florida sons are being name Handin (Hendon) well into the 1800’s.
I have included the following on the Hendon family because of the bonds that Richard formed with them. Josias Hendon was in Baltimore County by February 1719 because he was named in the will of Nicholas Rogers to whom he was indentured. In 1722 he was granted 100 acres called Hab Nab at a Venture. In 1723 he married Hannah Robinson, daughter of William and Elizabeth Robinson. Josias died leaving a will, May 1, 1738 - June 7, 1738, naming his wife and all his children. Hannah Hendon, the executrix, posted the administrative bond on June 26, 1738 along with John Elliott and Thomas Hutchins, the brother of Nicholas Hutchins. She administered the estate on July 22, 1740. Hannah died testate and left her own will dated January 29, 1748 - March 8, 1748. Josias and Hannah had the following children:
1. William b. December 1, 1723 m. Lydia Hendon, his first cousin
2. Elizabeth b. 1725, m. Jacob Johnson February 25, 1749
3. Isham b. 1725, m. Keziah Johnson
4. Hannah b. October 31, 1727
5. James F. d. 1791 in Wake Co. North Carolina m. Hannah Norris on 7 February 1754.
6. Josias bc. 1736, m. in Baltimore County and then moved to Anson County, North Carolina
William Hendon was born December 1, 1723 in Baltimore County, Maryland. He married Lydia Hendon, daughter of his uncle Richard, on November 11, 1749. He is in the Baltimore County records in 1750 as owning 170 acres called Isham's Garden. William moved to Bladen County, North Carolina by 1757. His will was dated August 22, 1778 in Bladen County, North Carolina, and he named his wife, Lydia, and his two sons, William and Josiah. His occupation was listed as that of planter.
Isham Hendon was born in 1725, and married Keziah Johnson on February 27, 1749. James Isham married into the Johnson family. On June 7, 1753 Isham and Keziah conveyed their interest in Leafe's Chance and William the Conqueror to Stephen Onion, and they moved to Bladen County, North Carolina. Later Isham moved to Wake County, North Carolina where he died in 1804.
Josias Hendon left a will in Bladen County, North Carolina dated May 3, 1830. He mentions his daughters Margaret Williams, Lydia Baldwin, and Mary White. He named his grandchildren Alexander Williams, David Jackson Williams, Richard Williams, Lydia Baldwin, Mary Baldwin, Mary White, Elizabeth Ann Hendon, and Margaret Ann Hendon.
James Hendon married Hannah Norris, and they had the following children. Isham was born in 1755, Elijah was born in 1757, Sarah was born in 1759, and Elizabeth was born in 1761.
Our family’s formation and development takes place in Bladen County, North Carolina that is in the Cape Fear region. The relationships established between families that married into the Cheshire family lasted at least until the early 1800’s when they began to move to Georgia and other areas of the Southeastern United States that were beginning to open up to settlement. These would include the Singletarys, Dunhams, Salters, Bryans, Jones, Allens, McRees, etc. The Singletary and Dunham families were Puritan families of the Plymouth Colony of Massachusetts that moved south to the Carolinas.
Richard and his wife had at least four sons. They were William, Richard, Jr., Randolph, and Nicholas. The eldest son was William. His son, John, sold the old home place back in North Carolina after he had settled in Bibb County, Georgia 26 Dec.1837. The deed was recorded 31 July 1838 and reveals that William was Richard’s eldest son. Richard was born in 1759. In the 1830 census of Bladen County Richard is listed as being 70-80 years old. At that time he would have been 71. In the household of Felix Singletary there is a male listed as being 60-70 years of age. This is believed to be Randolph livng with Prudence Cheshire, his daughter. In the household of Owen Carrol there is a male of the age of 60-70 years old. This is believed to be Nicholas. He was living with Ruth Cheshire Carrol and Mary Cheshire whose age was listed as 40-50. Mary was born in 1780 and would have been 50 years old. Therefore if the above is true then Randolph and Nicholas would have been younger than William and Richard. If the Sarah Cheshire of Monroe County, who is listed as the widow of a Revolutionary soldier in the 1832 Land Georgia Lottery, is Sarah McRee, then William would have served with Richard in The Revolutionary War. When Richard Cheshire, Jr. made application for his pension for service as a soldier during the Revolutionary War in Oct. 1832, he stated that his birth date was in his family Bible at home. From this we know that family records existed at this time. John Turpin Cheshire is remembered as saying that Richard Jesse and Turpin were brothers. In summary, William Cheshire was the eldest son of Richard. The order of birth of the other sons is not known. The census data would indicate that perhaps Randolph and Nicholas were younger brothers to William and Richard.
Richard purchased a tract of land from Richard Lyons on 1 Jan. 1760 in Bladen County, North Carolina. It was 150 acres on the northwest branch of the Cape Fear River. Richard Cheshire, Jr. married Polly Bryan Lyons, the widow of George Lyons. Polly was the daughter of Philmon Bryan. Richard is counted in several of the censuses taken during the 1780’s.
Richard had four sons.
1. William A. b. bef. 1759, Bladen Co., N.C, d. 1820, Bladen Co., N.C.
m. Sarah McRee
2. Richard b. 27 Mar. 1759, Bladen Co., N.C., d. 26 Jan. 1851, Bladen Co., N.C., R.S.
m. 1. Polly Bryan, d/o Philmon Bryan
2. Prudence Sly Fox Bryan
3. Randolph b. Bladen Co., N.C., d. aft. 1832, Bladen Co., N.C., m. Mary Dunham
4. Nicholas b. Bladen Co., N.C., d. aft. 1830, Bladen Co., N.C.
Richard, Jr. was born 27 March 1759 in Bladen County and died there on 26 Jan 1851. His children were William, Nicholas H., Bryan, Sarah, Catherine, Alice, and Mosely. Sarah married James Singletary, while Alice married Harmon Singletary. Mosely married a member of the Allen family. The Howell Family Records have James as the son of Richard instead of Randolph and married to 1st Nancy Singletary, daughter of Ithamar and Ann Singletary, and 2nd Elizabeth Allen (Howell Family History). He settled in Alabama, while Bryan and Nicholas H. remained in North Carolina. Bladen County, 1 Dec. 1821, D.B. 11, Page 230 …James Cheshire sold to Richard Cheshire 100 Ac. off line of late William Cheshire. This establishes that William was dead by 1821. James sold his land to his father or uncle whichever it may be.
William married Sarah McRee. Her parents were Robert and Jane McRee. He had at least five sons, two of which were John and Robert (possibly two others were named William and Richard). Robert moved to Baker County, Georgia by 1850. John settled in Bibb County, Georgia and sold the family land back in North Carolina in 1837. I believe he later moved to Houston County with his wife Maria, and he died there in 1860. This John Cheshire is the right age to be the son of William, and he states in the 1850 census he was born in North Carolina. John and Maria were in Bibb County in the 1830’s.
Nicholas' family moved to Hamilton County, Florida by 1830. His sons included William, James, John R., Barnabus, and Handen. He had a least one daughter named Catherine. Daddy once told me that when the family began leaving North Carolina one of the brothers chose to settle in North Florida. It was around a spring, and there were lots of live oaks in the area. The Cheshire families that settled in Georgia thought the land was not as rich as that where they were. The North Florida Cheshires thought their area was beautiful and a delightful place to live. They settled around Mineral Springs (White Springs, Hamilton County) near Jasper and Live Oak, Florida in 1829. This family remained in this county until they began moving to the adjoining counties around the turn of the century.
Randolph Cheshire (Richard1)(2nd generation)
Father: Richard Cheshire
Randolph was born in Bladen County, North Carolina. He farmed, raised his family, and resided there all his life. He died in Bladen County, North Carolina sometime after 1833. He married Mary Dunham, and they had six sons and five daughters. Mary Dunham was born around 1768. The Dunham family is allied with the Singletary family. The 1820 Census of Bladen County has two adult females of the age of Mary Dunham enumerated with Randolph. By 1830 none of that age is listed in the census with Randolph. There is no female of Mary’s age listed in the household of Felix Singletary. Note that in Deed Book 11, p. 73 of Bladen County, North Carolina dated 10 Nov. 1822, Philip Cheshire was given Power of Attorney for Mary Cheshire. It is quite likely that she had died before 1830 and Randolph was living with Prudence by then. Philip was the oldest male son remaining in Bladen County in 1822 because Turpin had already gone to Georgia by 1818.
Turpin M. b. 1786 d. 1861 Miller Co., Ga., wives unknown
James Snowden b. 6 Jan. 1789, m.1st Mary Singletary, 2nd Elizabeth Allen, d. 1863, (Lowndes Co. Ala.)(Howell Family History has James as the son of Richard, Jr.)
Philip b.1790, m. Sarah Fasons (Faisons), d. 1879 Randolph Co., Ga.
Son b. 1794-1800
Dau. b. 1794-1800
Son b. 1794-1800
Prudence J. b. 1802 m. Felix Singletary 1825
Richard Jesse b. 1803, m. Matilda ?, d. 1868 (Montgomery County,Texas)
Lucy b. 16 June 1805, d. aft. 1870, Bladen Co., m. Nathaniel Graves
Dau. b. 1800-1810
Dau. b. 1800-1810
William b. 1810, d. single (Miss.)
Randolph had five daughters. One daughter, Prudence Singletary, took care of Randolph in his old age. Randolph and Mary gave Prudence and Felix their property on 15 May 1832. Lucy married Nathaniel Graves.
Land Transaction – D.B. 10, P. 305, 15 May 1832, Bladen County, North Carolina, Randolph Cheshire and his wife, Mary, for and in consideration of the natural love and affection which we bear and do have for daughter, Prudence, and her husband, Felix Singletary …on the N.E. side of Goodman Swamp…
Witness: James S. Dunham and Samuel R. Johnson. This property is located in the Northwest portion of Bladen County. James S. Dunham was the son of William Randolph Dunham who married 1st Elizabeth Singletary and 2nd Sarah Cain. Felix and Prudence were in Bladen County in 1830 and 1840, but by1850 they had gone to Randolph County, Georgia.
There is a Ruth Cheshire in Bladen County who married Owen Carroll, Jr. The 1850 census of that county has a Mary Cheshire, age 70, being part of the household of Owen Carroll. The 1830 census has an elderly couple living with the Carrolls, and the 1840 census has an elderly female residing with them. This would appear to be Mary Cheshire and her spouse. Randolph lived with Prudence in his old age so the only remaining Cheshire male of this age was Nicholas. Mary’s age given in the 1850 census does not allow this to be Mary Dunham Cheshire. Her age does fit that of the wife of Nicholas Cheshire in the 1820 census of Bladen County. Mary would have been Nicholas’ second wife because she is too young to be the mother of William Cheshire. She would have been born in 1780. William was born in 1790 and John in 1800. Nicholas is not counted in the 1790 and 1800 census of Bladen County.
Ruth was born 9 Sept. 1802 and she died in 1884 in Bladen County. In the 1810 census Randolph is the only Cheshire head of household who has daughters Ruth’s age. He had four girls 0-10 as part of his family. Ruth named one of her daughters Mary Jane and the other Prudie V. Randolph had a daughter named Prudence J. and a wife named Mary.
Turpin, Philip, and Richard Jesse settled in Georgia. Philip was born in 1790 in Bladen County, North Carolina and died in 1879 in Randolph County, Georgia. Richard Jesse was born in 1803 in Bladen County and died in 1868 in Montgomery County, Texas. William was born in 1810 and was in Georgia with his brothers in 1850 but finally settled in Mississippi where he died. It is very likely that Richard Jesse went to Georgia with Turpin. William Cheshire disappears from Bladen County’s record around 1802 and his family appears in Georgia in the 1820’s if not earlier. Turpin and his brothers lived very close to the family of William Cheshire in the 1820’s and 1830’s in the Monroe County, Georgia area.
North Carolina Taxpayers
Richard Cheshire Bladen Co., 1763
Richard Cheshire Bladen Co., 1781
William Cheshire Bladen Co., 1781
1790 Census of Bladen County, North Carolina
Randolph Chesshur
1 male over 16
1 male 16 and under
1 female all ages
William Chessur
1 male over 16
1 male 16 and under
2 females all ages
Richard Chessur
1 male 16 and over
3 males 16 and under
3 females all ages
1800 Census of Bladen County, North Carolina
William Cheshire
4 males 0-10
1 male 10-16
1 male 26-45
1 female 26-45
Randolph Cheshire
4 males 0-10
1 male 26-45
1 females 0-10
1 female 26-45
Richard Cheshire
2 males 0-10
1 male 26-45
2 females 0-10
1 female 26-45
1810 census of Bladen County, North Carolina
Randolph Cheshire
2 males 0-10
1 male 16-26
1 male 26-45
4 females 0-10
1 female 10-16
Richard Cheshire
2 males 0-10
2 males 16-26
1 male 26-45
2 females 10-16
1 female 26-45
Nicholas Cheshire
1 male 16-26
1 male 26-45
1 female 10-16
1 female 26-45
1820 census of Bladen County, North Carolina
Randolph Cheshire
1 male 18-26
1 male 45 and up
2 females 10-16
1 female 18-26
2 females 45 and up
Richard Cheshire
1 male 0-10
1 male 10-16
1 male 45 and up
1 female 0-10
1 female 26-45
Nicholas Cheshire
1 male 0-10
1 male 10-16
1 male 45 and up
1 female 0-10
1 female 26-45
Philip Cheshire
2 males 0-10
1 male 18-26
1 female 18-26
James Cheshire
1 male 0-10
1 male 26-45
2 females 0-10
1 female 26-45
P. Cheshire
1 male 18-26
2 females 0-10
2 females 18-26
Turpin M. Cheshire* (Randolph2, Richard1)(3rd generation)
(1786 - 1861)
Father: Randolph Cheshire
Mother: Mary Dunham
Turpin was born in 1786 in Bladen County, North Carolina and died in Miller County, Georgia in 1861. Turpin and Philip were soldiers in the War of 1812. They served with the North Carolina Militia from Bladen County. Turpin is on the muster roll of the First Company of the Fourth Regiment detached from the Fourth and Fourteenth Brigades. First Company was detached from the Bladen Regiment. (Soldiers of the War of 1812: North Carolina - pg. 24.) During the War of 1812, he volunteered on 5 June 1813 Elizabethtown, Bladen County, North Carolina, and was discharged on 15 Dec. 1813 at Elizabethtown. Turpin was a Sergent in Capt. Nicholson’s Company of North Carolina detached Militia at Deepwater Point, North Carolina.
Family tradition has it that during 1813-1814 Turpin was part of a skirmish with the Creek Indians in Alabama during the Creek Wars (First Seminole War). Andrew Jackson and his troops were also participants in this battle. He received land in Georgia for his service. The 7th Detached Regiment of the North Carolina Troops did see service along the Georgia –Alabama frontier during the War of 1812. Turpin was with the 4th Detached Regiment and there is no record of them fighting the Creeks.
Turpin also served during the Creek Indian Wars of 1836 and 1837 in Georgia. He served as a private in Brown’s Company of Wood’s Battalion in the 89th Georgia Mounted Militia. His Battalion fought in the Battle of Echowanotchaway Swamp on 25 July 1836 in Randolph County, Georgia (present day Terrell County). The Militia carried the day in a hotly contested battle with killed and wounded on both sides. Colonel Wood was slightly wounded. Historical marker number GHM 135-4 for the battle is located west of Shiloh Church and north of Ga. Rd. 32 in western Terrell County.
For his service during the Creek Wars Turpin received eighty acres of land. Bounty Land Claim – Surviving Officer and Soldier, State of Georgia, County of Randolph, 7 Dec.1850, Turpin Cheshire, age 63, resident of Randolph County, settlement, Private in the Company commanded by Captain Ezekial Brown in the Georgia Regiment of Militia, War with the Creek Indians, volunteered at Carmons, Georgia, Randolph County, 29 June 1836, term of three months, discharged at Randolph County, Cuthbert, Georgia, 9 Sept. 1836.
No record has been found of Turpin's wife or wives. His children were as follows:
1. William James b. 26 Jul. 1815, m. Catsy Ann Allen 25 Apr. 1841, d. 20 Mar. 1873 Moorehouse Parish, La., CSA.
2. Joseph Travis b. 29 Apr. 1817, m. Abigail McDonald 3 Nov. 1837, d. 12 Jan. 1896, Randolph County, Ga., CSA.
3. Francis McKinnie b. 1820, m. Sarah Musslewhite 3 Nov. 1842, d. 1881, Dale Co., Ala., CSA.
4. Sarah Ann b. 19 July 1824, Randolph Co., Ga. m. Rev. Samuel Crawford Martin 11 Mar. 1841, Randolph Co., Ga., d. 27 Aug. 1901, Brazos Co., Tx.
5. Son b. 1820-1825
6. Son b. 1825-1830
7. Dau. b. 1830-1835
8. Emily Canniston b.1834
9. Robert H. b. 1841, m. Mary Ann Brown 19 Dec.1865, CSA.
10. Edward S. b. 20 Apr. 1842, m. Julia unk., d. 1926, Lowndes Co., Ga., CSA.
11. Samuel b. 1847
12. Turpine b. 1849
The 1820 Census of Baldwin County, Georgia has a female between the age of 40-50 in Turpin's household. His age is listed as the same. This is probably his wife. She is enumerated with Turpin again in the 1830 census. Also listed is a female between 5-10 years of age. There were two males listed that do not appear with Turpin in the next census. One's age was 0-10, and the other's was 10-26. Their ages are in the range of those of Richard Jesse and William, Turpin’s younger brothers. There was a malaria epidemic after 1836 that took a devastating toll on the population of Georgia. This may have claimed Turpin’s first wife. She would have been past the childbearing age so death would have come by a disease rather than childbirth. The later may have claimed his second wife.
There was also a female whose age was over 45 residing with Turpin in 1820 census. It was not his mother because she was in Bladen County. It could have been his mother-in-law or even Sarah Cheshire, his aunt. The 1820 Georgia Land Lottery has the orphans of William Cheshire listed in the Cousin’s Militia district of Baldwin County that Turpin was living in. These children would have been less than 18 years of age and resided in Georgia for at least three years. Children who had no father were allowed one draw. They drew Lot 146 and Turpin drew lot 257. The 1800 census of Bladen County has William, the uncle of Turpin, with five sons and one daughter. They would have been too old to qualify for the Lottery as orphans. Sarah Cheshire, widow, is listed in the 1821 Georgia Land Lottery in Jones County with four males who appear to be her sons – William, John, Robert, and Richard. They too would have resided in Georgia three years prior to 1821and be at least 18 years of age. William Cheshire’s sons were certainly old enough to qualify and Sarah may have been his widow. He had died prior to 1821. Robert and William were both in the Stalling’s Militia District. William Cheshire drew Lot 278, Fourteenth District of Houston County, and Robert drew Lot 63, Fourteenth District of Monroe County which he later sold to Richard Jesse Cheshire. William and P. Cheshire witnessed the Indian Springs Treaty of 1826 which ceded land from the Creek Indians to the State of Georgia.
William Cheshire may have come to Georgia between 1801 and 1817. There is a Richard Cheshire on the 1816 Tax List of Jones County. This is not Richard Jesse, and he may have been the earliest Cheshire of our branch of the family to arrive in Georgia. This individual would have been eighteen years of age or older while Richard Jesse would have been thirteen in 1816. A Richard Cheshire, who was residing in Fayette County, Georgia sold Lot 278 that William drew in the Land Lottery of 1821 on 29 Sept. 1833. This could have been Richard mentioned above who was in Monroe County in 1834 or Richard Jesse Cheshire who was in Bibb County in 1832. Both William’s sons, John and Robert, remained in Georgia.
Richard Jesse Cheshire was in Monroe County in 1827. He drew Lot 14, Lee County in the Georgia Land Lottery of 1827. Stewart County was later cut from Lee County. His oldest children were born in Georgia. This would place Richard Jesse in Georgia in the early 1820’s. He was probably with his brother Turpin in Baldwin County in 1820. The Land Lottery of 1832 shows Richard living in Bibb County. Sarah Cheshire, widow, R.S., of Monroe County, Brewer’s Militia District also drew a lot during this lottery.
John and Turpin Cheshire are the only two Cheshires of record in Monroe County in the 1830 census. This John was 30/40 years of age making him being born 1790-1800. This places him in the age range of the male enumerated with Turpin in the 1820 census. He is not the son of Nicholas because his son, John, was enumerated in Hamilton County, Florida. This John appears to be the same John Cheshire that is in Bibb County in 1840. John Cheshire, the son of William and Sarah Cheshire, was residing in Bibb when he sold the family land back in Bladen County on 26 Dec. 1837. He would have been older than the John listed in 1840. This John may have been a brother of Turpin.
John Cheshire was in Bibb County by 1827. Richard Cheshire was in Bibb County in 1830 according to the census. Philip Cheshire was in Crawford County in 1830. The 1834 Tax Poll of Monroe County has a Richard, William, and Robert Cheshire living in the area where Turpin had resided. There are all single males. Robert did not marry until the late 1840’s.
In the 1840 Census of Stewart County Turpin has a female in his household between 30-40 years old. His age was between 50-60 years. I believe this was his second wife because he was fathering children up until 1849. This woman was easily 20 years the junior of the female listed in 1820 and 1830 census records. In the 1850 census Emily Caniston is listed as if she is a stepdaughter. It is possible Turpin’s second wife may have been a widow with the last name of Caniston. In 1840 Turpin’s older children remained in Randolph County. Sarah Jane was with the family of Travis. She married Samuel Crawford Martin 11 Mar. 1841 in Randolph County. William James and Francis MCKinnie were bachelors in the same residence. They were both delegates from Randolph County to the 1840 state’s right convention in Macon.The younger children went with Turpin to Stewart County. James A. Cheshire married Mary A. Burgess in Randolph County on 22 Nov. 1845. This may be the son Turpin had that was born 1825-1830. There is a son of that age residing with him in the 1840 census.
In the 1850 Census of Randolph County Turpin does not have a female in his household old enough to be his wife. Therefore I believe she died in Randolph County shortly after the birth of Terpine who was born in 1849. His first wife would have died sometime after 1834.
The Genealogical Abstracts from the Georgia Journal (Milledgeville) Newspaper, 1809 - 1840, Volume 1, has a list of letters at the Post Office in Milledgeville that were not claimed in January and April of 1818. Turpin Chesser is among those listed. There is also a Richard and Sophia Cheshire among those not receiving their mail on January 1, 1818. Richard is probably Richard Jesse and Sophia may have been the name of Turpin’s wife. Owen Carroll and Ruth Cheshire Carroll had a daughter named Sophia. Volume 5 has Philip, William J., and Turpin (Turpen) having several lots of land being placed for sale by the Randolph County sheriff. Turpin's lots were Lot No. 138 / Tenth Dist. and Lot No. 136 / Tenth Dist. and were sold sometime between 1836 - 1840. They were located near the point where the Ichawaynochaway Creek branches into three parts in Northeastern Randolph County. He also held title to the West Half of Lot 198 and 50 acres of Lot 119 in Tenth District. He also possessed Lots 106 and 107 in the Tenth District at one time.
It appears that Turpin went to Georgia sometime before 29 Apr. 1817 and married prior to 1815 in North Carolina because William James was born in North Carolina in 1815 and Travis was born in Georgia in 1817. Turpin was in Baldwin County, Georgia by 1820. He received land in the 1820 Land Lottery. Turpin is known to have been in Baldwin County from 1820 to 1825. He was in Monroe County, Georgia from 17 Sept. 1825 to 20 Aug. 1834. He next went to Houston County for a little over a year. Turpin was in Randolph County, Georgia from 22 Sept. 1835 to 2 Feb. 1839. By 1840 he moved to Stewart County, Georgia and was neighbors with his two bothers, Philip and Richard Jesse. He married his second wife around 1840. The Post Office on 1 Oct. 1841 in Lumpkin, Stewart County, Ga. has unclaimed letters for Turpin Cheshire. In 1850 he is back in Randolph County, and in 1855 he is in Early County with his eldest son, William James. In 1860 Turpin is in Miller County. He died there before or during November 1861.
William James and Francis McKinnie were both delegates from Randolph County to the States Rights Convention in Macon in 1840. They are enumerated together in the 1840 census. William James won a Lottery in 1840 at Fort Gaines. He had trouble collecting his winnings because the individuals who were to pay skipped town. William James was a Justice of the Peace in Early County in 1855. He also served as a delegate from Miller County to the Secessionist Convention for Georgia in 1860. William posted his father’s death in the Early County Times in November 1861.
Turpin was always on the move. No children were born to him from 1834 to 1841. During part of 1836 and 1837, he was off fighting in the Creek Indian War. Florida would still have been a Spanish possession when he moved to Georgia. The lands that Turpin received were once part of the Creek Confederation lands.
Georgia Census Records
Baldwin County, Georgia 1820
Turpin Cheshire
3 male to 10
1 males to 26
1 male to 45
1female to 45
1 female 45 and up
Monroe County, Georgia 1830
Turpin Cheshire
1 male 0-5
2 males 5-10
1 male 10-15
1 male 15-20
1 male 40-50
1 female 5-10
1 female 40-50
John Cheshire
1 male 0-5
1 male 30-40
2 females 0-5
1 female 5-10
1 female 20-30
Crawford County, Georgia 1830
Philip Cheshire
1 male 0-5
2 males 5-10
2 males 10-15
1 male 30-40
1 female 0-5
1 female 20-30
Bibb County, Georgia 1830
Richard Cheshire
3 males 0-5
2 males 5-10
1 male 20-30
2 males 30-40
1 female 5-10
1 female 20-30
Bibb County, Georgia 1840
John Cheshire
1 male 5-10
1 male 30-40
2 females 10-15
1 female 30-40
Stewart County, Georgia 1840
Turpin Cheshire
1 male 10-15
1 male 50-60
2 females 5-10
1 female 30-40
Philip Cheshire
1 males 5-10
2 male 5-10
2 males 10-15
1 male 40-50
2 females 0-5
1 female 5-10
1 female 30-40
Richard J. Cheshire
1 male 0-5
2 males 5-10
2 males 10-15
1 male 40-50
2 females 0-5
1 female 5-10
1 female 30-40
Colin Murdoc Cheshire
2 males 0-5
1 male 20-30
1 male 30-40
1 female 20-30
Randolph County, Georgia 1840
Joseph Travis Cheshire
1 male 0-5
1 male 20-30
1 female 0-10
1 female 15-20
1 female 20-30
William James Cheshire
3 males 20-30
Randolph County, Georgia 1850
William Cheshire 27 born in NC
Martha 23
Mary 5
James H. 3
John W. 1
Phillip Cheshire 60 born in NC
Sarah 46 born in NC
James 23
Samuel 21
Elizabeth 19
Martha 16
John 14
Tirpin Cheshire 64 born in NC
Emily Caniston 16
Robert H. Cheshire 9
Edward 7
Samuel 3
Terpine 1
D.C. (Dunham J.) Cheshere 24 born in NC
L.A. (Lucy Ann) 25
S.O.(Sarah) 12
James 7
Jerusha 5
M.A.(Margaret) 2
J.T.(Joseph Travis) Cheshire 33
Abagail 34
EM (Edward McDonald) 12
JM (John M.) 10
MS (Murdock Shaw) 8
MI (Mary Isabella) 6
AP (Archibald Phillip) 4
Stewart County, Georgia 1850
Richard Cheshire 47
Matilda 46
James 27
John 20
Richard M. 13
P.W. 17
Sarah 14
S.E. 11
Eliza Jane 9
William 40
Miller County, Georgia 1860
William J. Cheshire 45 farmer N.C.
Gatse A. 35 N.C.
John T. 18 clerk Ga.
Henry M. 15
Joseph T. 14
M.H.S. 13
James S. 8
Susan 8
Cheshire 74
or M. (female) 31
C. (male) 14
Georgia Deed and Land Lottery Records
1820 Land Lottery
Turpin Chesher, Baldwin County, Cousins Militia District, Lot 257, Section 5, Appling County
Wm Chesher's, orphs., Baldwin County, Cousins Militia District, Lot 146, Section 2, Rabun County
1821 Land Lottery
Jones County
William Cheshire (Lot 278, 14th District, Houston County)
Richard Cheshire
John Cheshire
Robert Cheshire (Lot 63, 14th District, Monroe County)
Sarah Cheshire, Widow
1827 Land Lottery
Richard J. Cheshire, Monroe County, Wrights Militia District, Lot 14, District 32, Section 2. (Present day Stewart and Marion Counties)
1832 Land Lottery
Richard J. Cheshire, Bibb County, Allens Militia District, Lot 940, District 3, Section 3.
Sarah Cheshire, Widow, R.S., Monroe County, Brewers Militia District, Lot 426, District 5, Section 1
Philip Cheshire, Talbot County, Holts Militia District, Lot 170, District 11, Section 1
Monroe County Deeds
5 Mar. 1824 – witness to a deed for Lot 256, 3rd District Monroe County – James Cheshire.
10 Mar. 1824 – deed transfer - D.B. C, p. 51 – Richard Cheshire purchased Lot 96, 11th Dist. from James Perdue.
8 Jul. 1824 – deed transfer – D.B. C, p. 139 – Lot 96, 11th Dist.- Richard Cheshire sold lot to James D. Trippe.
31 Jan. 1825 – Robert Cheshire sold to Richard Cheshire Lot 63, 14th Dist.
25 Mar. 1825 – deed transfer – Butts Co., D.B. A – 50 Ac. part of Lot 63 in Monroe Co.– Richard Cheshire (Butts cut out from Monroe in 1825.)
25 Mar. 1825 – deed transfer – Jasper Co. – 50 Ac. part of Lot 63 in Monroe Co.– Richard Cheshire
23 Aug. 1825 – deed transfer – Richard Cheshire sold to West H. Kirksey 101 ¼ Ac., SE ½, Lot 63, 14th District of Monroe County.
17 Sept. 1825 – deed transfer- D.B. D, p. 131 – 41 Ac. S.E. corner of Lot 51, 12th Dist. – Turpin Cheshire purchases land from Henry Brewer.
4 April 1826 – Butts County formerly Monroe County – John and Richard Cheshire.
25 Aug. 1826 – deed transfer between John W. Pearson and Obed Perry, 50 Ac., ¼ Lot 63, 14th District, formerly Monroe County, now Butts County – witness John Cheshire.
8 April 1828 – deed transfer - D.B. D, p. 269 – 41 Ac. S.E. corner of Lot 51, 12th Dist. – Turpin Cheshire sold land to Charles Caldwell.
5 July 1833 – deed transfer - D.B. H, p. 174 - Lot 51, 12th Dist. – Turpin Cheshire purchases land from Ivy Brooks.
20 Aug. 1834 – deed transfer – D.B. I, p. 14 – South Half of Lot 51, 12th Dist., 91 Ac. with the exception of one rod on south line to be used as right of way – Turpin Cheshire sold land to Henry Brewer.
Houston County Deeds
9 Oct. 1827 – Richard Cheshire warns against trading for his bond given 23 July 1827 in favor of Benjamin Jordan of Hancock County, Ga. to make title to Lot 14, 32nd Dist. of Lee County (1827 LL) and Lot 278, 14th Dist. in Houston County (1821 LL).
3 Oct. 1834 – deed transfer – D.B. F, p. 136 - Lot 106, 10th Dist. – Turpin Cheshire of Monroe County purchases land from Littleberry Moody of Houston County.
8 Nov. 1834 – deed transfer – D.B. F, p. 163 – Lot 107, 10th Dist. – Turpin Cheshire of Monroe County purchases land (Snake Branch) from Ephraigh Kendrick of Houston County.
22 Sept. 1835 – deed transfer –West Half of Lot 198 and 50 Ac. of Lot 119 in 10th Dist. – Turpin Cheshire of Houston County purchases land from Henry Oxley.
12 Dec. 1835 – deed transfer – D.B. F, p. 520 – Lots 106 and 107, 10th Dist. – Turpin Cheshire of Houston County sold to Thomas Smith of Houston County.
2 April 1830 (?) – deed transfer – Lot 278, 14th Dist. Houston Co. – Richard Cheshire of Fayette Co. sold land. Land drawn by William Cheshire 29 Sept. 1833, Jones County, Ga., 1821 LL. Recorded 15 May 1838.
Randolph County Deeds
4 Jan. 1839 – deed transfer – D.B. C – Turpin Cheshire sold land to Francis M. Cheshire.
2 Feb. 1839 – deed transfer – D.B. C – Lot 119, 10th Dist. – Turpin Cheshire sold land to William J. Cheshire.
Randolph County Sheriff Sales
Lot 136, 10th District – Turpin Cheshire
Lot 118 and 119, 10th District – William J. Cheshire
Lot 138th, 10th District – Turpin Cheshire
Stewart County Sheriff Sales
Lot 79, 32nd District – Philip Cheshire
Georgia Marriage Records
Randolph County, Georgia
Watson Chesher marr
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