||,St John's Parrish,Berkley SC
||31 Jul 2005
||Thomas Broughton, (Lt Gov)
||Will written 1754-per Herb Broughton http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Meadows/2872/index.html
Will of Nathaniel Broughton
IN THE NAME OF GOD AMEN, I, Nathaniel Broughton, of the Parish of St. Johns in the Province of South Carolina being weak in boby but of a sound and disposing memory and understanding (thanks be to God for the same) do publish and declare these presents to be and contain my last Will and Testament.
First and principally, I commend my Soul into the hands of Almighty God the author of life, hoping for the free pardon of all my sins in and through the merits, death and passion of my Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ, my body I commit to the earth to be buried with a decent frugality. And as for my worldly estate, I give and dispose thereof as follows:
Imprimis - After payment of all my just debts (for which purpose I do hereby order and direct that my estate be kept unsold and undivided), I give and devise that all my Mullberry Plantation and premisses together with five hundred acres of pine land adjoining the head of the Mulberry tract unto my son, Nathaniel Broughton, to have and to hold the same lands unto my said son, Nathaniel Broughton, and to the Heirs male of his body lawfully begotten and failing such heirs male, then to the next surviving heir male-at-law and the heirs male of his or her body lawfully to be begotten forever. And I further give unto my said son, Nathaniel, my coach and coach horses and to his Exors, Admors and Assigns forever.
Item - I give and devise to my son, Alexander Broughton, two hundred and eleven acres of land that I lately bought of John Colleton,Esqr.: bound East eastwardly on the western branch of Cooper River, Westwardly on the Mulberry Tract and Northwardly on lands of the said John Colleton,Esqr. and to his Heirs and Assigns forever, provided that he, the said Alexander, shall at his brother Nathaniel's request be obloged to exchange the said two hundred and eleven acres of land aforesaid for the like quantity of of river swamp to be laid out on the north side of Dockon Creek.
Item - All that my Wassamsaw Plantation containing one thousand four hundred and sixty-five acres together also with my other tract of one thousand and sixty-five acres lying on the west side of Wassamsaw Swamp, I give and devise unto my two Nathan and Alexander and that there may be a just and equal division of the said lands between them. It is my will that my Exors herinafter named or either of them shall nominate and appoint two sworn surveyors to make and equal distinct division of the said two tracts of land and to return Plots of the same. And when such division is made, my said two sons, Nathaniel and Alexander, shall draw for the same by lot. And the part or share which shall be drawn by my son Alexander, I give and devise unto him, his heirs and Assigns forever. And all my household goods and plates together with my stock of cattle, horses, hogs and sheep, I give and bequeath unto my said two sons, Nathaniel and Alexander, to be equally divided between them, share and share alike, and to their Exors, Admors and Assigns respectively.
Item - I give to my daughter, Charlotte Izard, the use of one negro man named Bristol with his wife and family during her widowhood, the said slaves to be taken at the appraisement as part of my undevided estate. But if she marries, it is my will that the said slaves shall be returned to either of my sons that shall be willing to take them, he paying the full value that the said slaves shall be appraised at at the time of such return.
Item - I give and devise to my two sons, Nathaniel and Alexander, all the rest and residue of my Real Estate to be equally divided between them share and share alike, and to their Heirs and Assigns forever.
Item - I give and bequeath unto Mrs. Charlotte LaTour the sum of Fifty Pounds Current money per annum for and during the term of her natural life to be paid her by my Executors hereinafter named out of the remaining part of my undivided estate, the first payment to be made on the twelveth month after my decease. And it is also my will that all and singularly my slaves which are not hitherto disposed of and which are the residue of my personal estate shall be also valued and appraised by my Executors or the survivor of them and when such appraisement is made, the said slaves shal be according thereunto divided into lots equally to the number of all my children and as nigh as possible equal in sex, age and value, not dividing or seperating families. And those Lots shal be put into a hat or box and drawn by each of my said children beginning with the eldest and ending eith the youngest until the whole Lots be drawn and the severally negroes whose names are contained in those lots so respectively drawn by my children, I give and bequeathunto them and each of them and to their Exors, Admors and Assigns respectively.
Item - I give and bequeath unto my son, Alexander, my chaise and harness.
Item - I give and bequeath unto my daughter, Charolette Izard, my riding chair and harness and one of my horses to be allotted by my Exors hereinafter named and to her Exors, Admors and Assigns forever. And it is my will that my Exors shall have the chair put into good repair.
Item - It is my will that the above lots of slaves which shall be drawn by my daughters or any of them shall and may be taken by my sons or the survivor of them at the appraised value, provided both they and their sisters agree to it.
And I do by this will constitute and appoint my sons, Nathaniel and Alexander, Executors hereof, revoking all former and other wills by me at any time heretofore made. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this sixth day of October in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and fifty-four.
Signed, sealed published and declared by the Testator to be and contain his Last Will and Testament. The words with their issue being first interlined between the fourth and fifth lines from the bottom of the first sheet and these two sheets annexed together and signed by the proper hand writing of the said Nathaniel Broughton in presence of us, who at his request have hereunto set our names as witnesses.
WilliamKeith Tho's Sable Tho'sDwight
At the same time, 10th January 1755, qualified Nath and Alexander Broughton, two of the Exors therein named before the Ordinary who proved the said Will.
I would like to share this with you.MULBERRY PLANTATIONBroughton Family Information and Article from"Historic Ramblin's Through Berkeley"written by and used with permission ofMr. J. Russell Cross On Jan. 20, 1708 Sir John Colleton conveyed to Thomas Broughton 4,423 acres granted to Sir Peter Colleton in I679. That conveyance, in Grant Book 1701-1712, p. 37 stated that the plantation was then known as "Mulberry Plantation." This began a series of land transactions between the two families which would give the Broughtons title to the portion of Fairlawn on which Thomas Broughton had built his settlement. This must have been one of the choice spots in the Province having once been set aside for Lord Ashley. The house built by Broughton in 1714 has come to be known as "Mulberry Castle," but in his will he calls it his mansion. Mansion house is a term found in early wills to describe the first retentious houses built by the first wealthy English settlers and the of self-made men who acquired fortunes in "Indian trading, planting, soldiering, and office holding." Samuel Gaillard Stoney writes that Broughton built Mulberry to be a family seat for future generations. This assumption is borne out by Broughton's will which leaves it to his widow for her life, with the provision that it go to his eldest son Captain Nathaniel Broughton. From his study of the house Stoney concludes that only the second stony interior and the towers refIect truly "the taste of the old house." He states that the main rooms were redecorated in the late 1700's with the wealth from the rich swamp fields and the rice fields along the river. He further states that Mulberry "is one of the few buildings of brick laid in English bond" left in this section outside Charleston. The dates are cut through the weather vanes of the four towers. The house and grounds, including the gardens; have been preserved and carefully maintained by the owners during the last half-century. The present owner, Mrs. Fannie Brawley, has continued this tradition and has been most generous in permitting the citizens of Berkeley County to visit this historic spot during its most beautiful season. Thomas Broughton was married about 1683 to Anne Johnson, daughter of Sir Nathaniel Johnson of Silk Hope. It is thought that they were married in England .and were related: He had relatives who remained in England, but his sister Constantia married the second Cassique John Ashby of Quenby Plantation, and their daughter married Gabriel Manigault, reputed to have been one of the wealthiest men of that day in Carolina. Like his father-in-law, Sir Nathaniel Johnson, he was of the high church party and involved in some of the unsavory practices of the Indian trade and in the effort to bar dissenters from participation in the government. In 1708, Broughton was one of the signers, along with the Governor; in the report to the Crown on the state of the Province. When the Free School Act came into being, he was one of the Commissioners. In 1709, there was a riot in Charles Town during the struggle between Thomas Broughton and Robert Gibbes as to which of the deputies of a Proprietor would fill the place of governor after the death of Governor Tynte. Broughton carried an armed force from his plantation, presumably Mulberry, to "Town." Gibbes was already in office in Charles Town and called out the militia to keep Broughton's forces outside the walls of the Town. With help from within, the Broughton party forcibly entered. There was much confusion, but Broughton was unsuccessful in taking the office. The affair has been described as a "discreditable controversy" among men who called themselves the first citizens. In 1716, when a Commission was set up to try captured pirates, the Honorable Thomas Broughton, Speaker of the House of Assembly, was one of the Assistant Judges appointed. He later served again in the same capacity. During the Yemassee War of 1715 the Reverend Robert Maule of St. John's, Berkeley, and a number of the people remained, at Mulberry for safety for four months. On April 30, 1717, Thomas Broughton was one of the group designated to serve as the Council when. the Proprietors issued a commission to Robert Johnson as Governor. In the last legislation under the Proprietors as ratified on March 20, 1718-19, Broughton was one of three commissioners to regulate Indian Trade. However during the struggle of the Proprietors to retain control of the Province, Broughton was left off the Council even though he was a brother-in-law to the Governor. In 1731, when Robert Johnson returned to the Province from England as Royal Governor, he brought a Commission for Thomas Broughton as Lieutenant Governor; and when Governor Johnson died on May 3, 1735. Thomas Broughton, as Lieutenant Governor, proclaimed himself Governor, the fulfillment of an old aspiration. Historians have termed him plain and honest, but freely permitting other leading men "without many scruples" to acquire large possessions. At the very beginning of the Broughton administration, the Commons House of Assembly in March of 1735 challenged his attempt to add 2,100 pounds to the money bill as prepared by the Commons. Then the Lieutenant Governor and the Council challenged the Commons, the reply was a denial of any right of the Council to amend a money bill. On the 29th. of March Broughton adjourned the Assembly, until the l5th. of April. When the Assembly met again, the Commons refused to yield what it considered the parliamentary right of Englishmen to be taxed by their representatives only. For a year no supply bill was passed. The Lieutenant Governor died on the 22nd. of November 1737 and was succeeded by William Bull, the senior member of his Majesty's Council. Under the Lords Proprietors, Carolinians had served as Governor, but under the Crown, local leaders could never expect any thing higher than Lieutenant Governor, and outsiders were sent in as Governor and to fill many other offices as favorites of the Crown. Thomas Broughton had a daughter Joanna who was married in 1732 to Thomas Monck, Esq., who purchased Mitton Plantation from James LeBas in 1735, probably because it was near the Broughtons; but also very probably because he realized the commercial possibilities at the junction of the roads there. In 1731/2, his daughter Christiana was married to the Reverend Daniel Dwight. His will also names an unmarried daughter Constantia and a daughter Anne, the wife of John Gibbes of Barbados and Goose Creek. Of his sons, the eldest was Captain Nathaniel Broughton, who married Henrietta Charlotte DE Chastaigner, commanded a company the Yemassee War (1715), lived for a time at Seaton, but gave it up in order to inherit Mulberry under the terms of his father's will. The second son Andrew married Hannah Guerard and received Seaton under the father's will. Robert received the tract called Mount Pleasant. In 1734 Nathaniel and Andrew, along with their father received Commissions as Justices of the Peace for Berkeley County. In 1737 the two sons again received such commissions. Mulberry Plantation has long been listed as an important historic site and, under the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the Plantation is listed on the National Register. Mulberry Plantation, on the Cooper River, constructed ca. 1714. The house was used as a fort in the Yamassee War of 1715. Thomas Broughton, the builder, acquired more than 4,400 acres, already known as Mulberry Plantation, from Sir John Colleton in 1679. Broughton, a Councilman in the Proprietary government, was Lieutenant Governor and Governor of the Royal government. The property remained in his family until 1820, when it was acquired by Thomas Milliken. It remained in the Milliken's family until the twentieth century, but the decline of rice culture led to its abandonment by 1909. Mulberry was purchased in 1915 by Clarence Edward Chapman of New Jersey and New York and restored under the direction of architect Charles Brendon of New York. The Jacobean style house consists of a square, jerkinhead roofed, central block of Carolina gray brick, with four attached corner pavilions with pyramidal roofs topped by pinnacles. The grounds contain numerous outbuildings including a double slave cabin, thought to have been constructed in the late eighteenth century. The boat house, a shingle-sided structure, was build ca. 1915. The U-shaped wooden stable and wooden garage were build ca. 1925. The gate lodge, a frame residence, was also build ca. 1925. Mulberry Plantation is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
1800 James Harkneys bought land belonging to John Broughton for $500.00 It was 208 acres. The deed was originally recorded 16 Sep 1800 (9). In the same year Nathaniel Broughton sold the land originally belonging to Edward Broughton I to James Harkneys for 140 (10). One wonders why William Ragan left no land to Nathaniel or Edward Broughton II. Perhaps he had conveyed some of them earlier but Sumber County has no records earlier than 1785. THe Broughton family was close to and intermarried with the William Ragan family, Cantey family and Benbow family. (Material sent to me.)
Top of Form 1 Posted by: Clark Sinclair Date: October 04, 1999 at 16:23:33
Bottom of Form 1
Does anyone have approx dates for Nathaniel Broughton whom Mary Ravenel? Who was Mary's parents....Daniel Raveneland (Charlotte Mazyck?)?Also researching Edward Nathaniel Broughton who m ElizabethRagin/Ragan.....her parents were William d 15 Jan 1785 ClarendonCo SC and Lucey ?I believe LDS records say Edward Nathaniel's parents wereAndrew Broughton and Hannah Guerard but Leon Broughton in"Broughton Memoirs" say they are Nathaniel B. & Mary Ravenel.answered by Lisa Teague
The info. I have has Edward Nathaniel Broughton b. 1749 poss. in Alabama & d. between 1792/1817 (conflicting info.) in Alabama, m. abt 1770 to Elizabeth Ragin, b. abt 1751 poss.in S. Carolina (no d. date avail.). I had traced a line and searched (I thought) very carefully through the information. The tricky part with this line of Broughtons is that there are several Edwards, Nathaniels, and Andrews. There are Edward Nathaniels and Edward Thomases, and Thomases, in several generations. The info. I have has that the parents of Edward Nathaniel Broughton (1749 wife E. Ragin) were Nathaniel Broughton (II), b. abt 1720 in S. Carolina, and Mary Ravenel b. abt 1722 dau. of Daniel Ravenel. Nathaniel (II)'s parents were Nathaniel Broughton (I) b. 1690/d. 1778, and Henrietta Charlotte De Castaigner, b. abt 1695. Parents of Nathaniel Broughton (I) were Gov. Thomas Broughton b. abt 1668 (Gov. of S. Carolina) & Anne Johnson b. abt 1670 (dau. of Capn. Nathaniel Johnson), and parents of Gov. Thomas were Andrew Broughton (Baron of Seaton)b. abt 1648 in Engl. & Anne Overton b. abt 1648/d 1689 in Engl. Gov. Thomas also had a brother named Andrew who never came to America. I have this line traced tentatively back to William de Vernon (de Broughton) b. abt 1020, which I can post to a gedcom file, for anyone who's interested.
Mary - I tried to send this message to you via email but it came back to me undeliverable:
I've been trying to dig deeper into the Edward Broughton (who m. Eliz. Ragin?) issue, i.e., whether he's the son of Andrew Broughton (abt 1702/09) & Hannah Guerrard, or of Nathaniel Broughton (abt 1720) & Mary Ravenel. (Digging deeper may be a mistake, since the more I look at things, the more confused I get!). Maybe you could help clear things up? I did take a look at your website, but I didn't see anything that particulary dealt with the Broughton/Ravenel/Guerrard issue (unless I didn't look in the right place? I'm kind of new at doing genealogical research by internet.)
A lot of my Broughton family information comes from my mom (her mother was Frances Maye Broughton, daughter of Benjamin Broughton - the 9th child of Nathaniel W. Broughton [1826 AL]/Flora Neal). I think my mom has relied quite heavily on M. Leon Broughton's book in building her pedigree chart and family group sheets, but she also got some information from her aunt Flora Latrelle Broughton (F. Maye's sister); and I'm not sure what aunt Flora's other sources were.
The way the information is set up right now in our pedigree charts, it looks as if Andrew Broughton/Hannah Guerrard's son Edward and the Edward Nathaniel who m. Elizabeth Ragin are two different people:
Edward Nathaniel Broughtonb. 1749, poss in Alabamad. 1792/1817, Alabamam. Elizabeth Ragin abt 1770Father: Nathaniel Broughton, b. abt 1720; Mother: Mary Ravenel b. abt 1722
Edward Broughtonb. 1740, Berkeley SCd. Camden, Kershaw, SC(No info. given on spouse)Father: Andrew Broughton (b. Abt 1702/09); Mother: Hannah Guerrard
Do you have any resources that can help me clear this up? I'm also having trouble figuring out how and if Mary Ravenel ties in to my line if Edward Nat'l's mother is Hannah Guerrard. (Wow, I feel like a detective!) I look forward to hearing from you.
1830 Federal Census, Monroe County, Alabama, pg. 45B-46A, line 7, lists: James R. Broughton with 2 white males < 5 yr 1 white male 20-30 yr 1 white female < 5 yr 1 white female 20-30 yr total number in household 5, indicating no slaves